North Korea stages huge parade, holds back on advanced missiles
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PYONGYANG, North Korea â" North Korea rolled out some of its latest tanks and marched its best-trained goose-stepping units through Kim Il Sung Square in a major military parade on Sunday to mark its 70th anniversary, but held back its most advanced missiles and devoted nearly half of the event to civilian efforts to build the domestic economy.
The strong emphasis on the economy underscores leader Kim Jong Unâs new strategy of putting economic development front and center.
Tens of thousands of North Koreans waving brightly colored pla stic bouquets filled Pyongyangâs Kim Il Sung Square as the parade began. Pyongyang residents have been training for months for the anniversary and held up the bouquets to spell out words and slogans that can be seen from the VIP viewing area.
Kim attended the morning parade but did not address the assembled crowd, which included the head of the Chinese parliament and high-level delegations from countries that have friendly ties with the North.
People wave plastic flowers and flags during a military parade marking the 70th anniversary of North Koreaâs foundation in Pyongyang, North Korea, September 9, 2018. Photo by Danish Siddiqui/Reuters
At the end of the two-hour event he strolled to the edge of the balcony with the Chinese special envoy, Li Zhanshu, who is also the third-ranking member in Chinaâs ruling Communist Party. The two held up their joined hands to symbolize the countriesâ traditionally close ties, though the absence of Chinese President Xi Jinping could indicate Beijing still has some reservations about Kimâs initiatives.
Senior statesman Kim Yong Nam, the head of North Koreaâs parliament, set the relatively softer tone for the event with an opening speech that emphasized the economic goals of the regime, not its nuclear might. He called on the military to be ready to work to help build the economy.
After a truncated parade featuring tanks and some of its biggest artillery, fewer than the usual number of missiles and lots of goose-stepping units from all branches of the military, the focus switched to civilian groups ranging from nurses to students to construction workers, many with colorful floats beside them.
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The combining of military and civilian sections is a familiar North Korean parade format.
The past two big anniversaries of North Koreaâs founding, in 2008 and 2013, did not feature the Korean Peopleâs Army, only the civil defense units, which are officially called âWorker Peasant Red Guards.â
Although North Korea stages military parades almost every year, and held one just before the Olympics began in South Korea in February this year, Sundayâs parade came at a particularly sensitive time.
Kimâs effort to ease tensions with President Donald Trump has stalled since their June summit in Singapore. Both sides are now insisting on a different starting point. Washington wants Kim to commit to denuclearization first, but Pyongyang wants its security guaranteed and a peace agreement formally ending the Korean War.
With tensions once again on the rise, a parade featuring the very missiles that so unnerved Trump last year, and led to a dangerous volley of insults from both leaders, could have been seen as a deliberate provocation. The North also refraine d from immediately televising the event, though North Korean media were out in force to film it, deploying booms and â" for possibly the first time â" drones with cameras.
Capital residents unable to attend at the square lined the streets around town to cheer and applaud convoys carrying the troops after they complete the parade duties.
Soon after the Sunday celebrations end, Kim will once again meet in Pyongyang with South Korean President Moon Jae-in to discuss ways to break the impasse over his nuclear weapons.
The ânew lineâ of putting economic development first has been Kimâs top priority this year. He claims to have perfected his nuclear arsenal enough to deter U.S. aggression and devote his resources to raising the nationâs standard of living.
This yearâs celebrations also mark the revival of North Koreaâs iconic mass games after a five-year hiatus.
The mass games involve tens of thousands of people holding up placards or danci ng in precise unison and are intended to be a display of national unity. This yearâs spectacle â" tickets start at just over $100 and go up to more than $800 per seat â" also has a strong economic theme.
An unofficial translation of its name this year is âOur Shining Nation.â
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